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Constipation in infancy: five resources to help healthcare professionals support parents

Constipation is a common problem in childhood and affects up to 15% of infants in the first year of life, causing a serious impact on the lives of children and their families, as well as placing a considerable burden on the healthcare budgets of many countries¹. Here, we have collated five of our most helpful articles on the subject of infant constipation, to guide healthcare professionals through dealing with this common gastrointestinal disorder. 

A topic in 10 questions: how to manage infant constipation

A valuable primer on infant constipation, this article brings together ten of the most frequently asked questions covering the hows and whys of infant constipation – from what it is, to why it occurs, to when parents should be concerned that the symptoms are an indication of something more serious. [Read More]

Constipation: why early diagnosis is vital

This article brings together two case studies that highlight the importance of early diagnosis of infant constipation, pairing each case with an expert diagnosis and a treatment plan that can provide a blueprint for HCPs dealing with this disorder. [Read More]

Constipation in infancy

Consultant Paediatric Gastroenterologist Professor David Candy outlines his recommendations for how to treat infant constipation, both for infants being breastfed and for those on formula milk, as well as for those who have already been weaned. The article also provides guidance for the prevention and assessment of infant constipation, concluding that breastfeeding is the best way to prevent constipation in infancy. [Read More]

Diagnosis and management of functional gastrointestinal disorders: a guide for healthcare professionals

This resource outlines why the first six months of an infant’s life are especially prone to gastrointestinal signs and symptoms that have no clear cause, but are thought to be due to changes in the infant’s maturing gastrointestinal system. The article sets out the guidelines for diagnosis and management of some of the most common disorders – including constipation – and outlines a number of red flag symptoms and potential diagnoses. [Read More]

Gut changes: a baby’s first year

Focusing on how changes in an infant’s developing gut are thought to cause a number of gastrointestinal disorders, this article includes a clear infographic that plots common disorders against a timeline of an infant’s growing gut during their first year of life. [Read More]

IMPORTANT NOTICE: Breastfeeding is best for babies. Infant formula is suitable from birth when babies are not breastfed. Follow-on milk is only for babies over 6 months, as part of a mixed diet and should not be used as a breastmilk substitute before 6 months. We advise that all formula milks including the decision to start weaning should be made on the advice of a doctor, midwife, health visitor, public health nurse, dietitian, pharmacist or other professional responsible for maternal and child care. Foods for special medical purposes should only be used under medical supervision. May be suitable for use as the sole source of nutrition for infants from birth, and/or as part of a balanced diet from 6–12 months. Refer to label for details.


  1. Shaman et. al. Childhood constipation as an emerging public health problem. 2016 Aug 14; 22(30): 6864–6875.